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I am proud to announce that Linux Kamarada 15.2 is ready for everyone to use! Linux Kamarada 15.2 is a Linux distribution based on a bigger distribution that is openSUSE Leap 15.2. While openSUSE Leap is a general purpose Linux distro, offering a stable operating system for both personal computers and servers, as well as tools for developers and system administrators, Linux Kamarada is focused on personal computers and novice users.
Newcomers can find the new release on the Download page.
Linux Kamarada 15.1 users can upgrade to the new release following this tutorial:
Let’s see what’s changed on Linux Kamarada from the previous release (15.1) to the new release (15.2).
New branding, theme, backgrounds
I wanted to give Linux Kamarada a more modern and professional look, but without losing its nice, charismatic and friendly face. With that in mind, I made some changes to the branding and theme:
- the mascot had its original gloss version replaced by a new flat version, based on the original Linux icon by Icons8
- the theme, in general, remains aligned with Material Design by Google (the design that empowers Android)
- Material Design colors near to openSUSE colors were adopted
- the GTK theme used on 15.1, Adapta, has been discontinued and no longer receives maintenance, so it has been replaced by a version of the Materia theme customized with the adopted colors
- the Papirus icon theme has been updated and its colors have been customized too
Improvements to GNOME
The GNOME desktop has jumped from version 3.26 on Linux Kamarada 15.1 to version 3.34 on Linux Kamarada 15.2. In addition to the noticeable performance gain, there were several changes and improvements. Next, I mention some that caught my attention.
Core GNOME applications have moved the contents of the application menu, in the top bar, to a primary menu located within the application window:
In Files, it’s now possible to favorite files and folders:
Once they’ve been starred, they can be easily viewed in a special location that can be opened from the sidebar:
The Contacts app allows you to favorite contacts too, which appear at the top of the list once starred. Great for easily locating people you contact frequently.
In Files, the location bar now expands a menu with some useful options when you click the current folder:
The search bar has been streamlined with the location bar to compact the interface:
Another app whose interface is now cleaner and more organized is the Terminal. Several menus have been merged into just one main menu and the menu bar has been removed:
The Settings app Background panel has been redesigned too:
If you want to know more things that changed between GNOME 3.26 and 3.34, I recommend reading the release notes for each version on the way:
A new feature that caught my attention was the QR code generator that has been added to the suite, which can be useful for those who need to add QR codes in posters, magazines and flyers, for example. To insert a QR code into any LibreOffice document, in any LibreOffice application, open the Insert menu, expand Object and click QR Code:
If you want to know more about what’s new in LibreOffice 6.4, compared to LibreOffice 6.3 that came with Linux Kamarada 15.1, read the release announcement:
Remote access and VPN updated
As everyone knows, demand for remote access has been increasing and it has been the subject of some how-tos here on the blog.
The default remote desktop client on Linux Kamarada 15.1, Vinagre, which is also GNOME’s default, is unmaintained for some time now. Linux Kamarada 15.2 replaces it by Remmina, which is also Ubuntu’s default remote desktop client.
Linux Kamarada 15.2 comes with OpenConnect 8.05 out of the box. This version introduces support for the GlobalProtect VPN. In this regard, Linux Kamarada 15.2 presents a little improvement over openSUSE Leap 15.2, which still brings OpenConnect 7.08 (and therefore without support for GlobalProtect), although it is not difficult for openSUSE Leap users to install OpenConnect 8.05.
Note that you can connect to some types of VPN using the GUI app Settings, but not GlobalProtect. Connecting to a GlobalProtect VPN must be done using a terminal window. If you need help with this, take a look at the following post:
What perhaps not everyone has noticed is that recently mass surveillance has been increasing too. If you haven’t, I recommend that you see this interview:
We are being watched all the time by companies and governments.
Probably you have already heard the motto “if you’ve got nothing to hide, you’ve got nothing to fear”. It is commonly used to defend surveillance. You may agree that if you haven’t done anything wrong, you don’t need to hide. But think about it from another angle: if I haven’t done anything wrong, why do they need to watch me?
Privacy is a right. There is nothing wrong with not wanting to share certain parts of your life, to keep them for yourself, just as there is nothing wrong with having curtains or blinds at home. This is important for your peace of mind. Your data is yours and you should be able to choose what you want to share and with whom.
I have been reading about privacy tools on websites (which I recommend) such as Privacy Tools and Security in a Box and I want to talk about them in future posts here on the blog. But I anticipated adding some of them to the new Linux Kamarada 15.2:
- Mozilla Firefox is now the default web browser, Linux Kamarada comes with the Extended Support Release (ESR) distributed by openSUSE Leap (Chromium, the previous default browser, has been kept as alternative, at least for now)
- the KeePassXC password manager allows you to store your passwords inside a secure database file regardless of the browser you use, if you want you can save that file on a cloud service (such as Dropbox) or manually make offline copies among your devices, whatever you think is best, you are in control
- native support for Tor, which allows you to surf the web anonymously, encrypted, safely and free from censorship
Note that although the Tor network client comes out of the box installed and available for use on Linux Kamarada, it is not enabled by default: if you want to use it, you need to start it and configure applications to traffic data through it. If you need a system that starts connecting to the Tor network by default, you may want to take a look at Tails or Whonix.
Where can I get Linux Kamarada?
The Download page has been updated with the download link for the 15.2 Final release.
Warning: it is not recommended to use Linux Kamarada on servers, although it is possible. openSUSE Leap is better suited for that use case, because it offers a server configuration during installation, which is going to set up a server with just a small set of packages and a text mode interface (without a desktop).
What should I do next?
When the download is complete, verify the integrity of the ISO image by calculating its checksum. Compare it with the checksum that appears on the Download page. They must match. If they don’t, download the ISO image again.
If you are not in a hurry, it is recommended to also verify the authenticity of the ISO image.
The fingerprint of the Linux Kamarada Project public key is:
1 6b18 52e7 764f b302 b805 a4a0 a575 bcce 1737 8ecc
To import that key, run the following commands:
1 2 $ wget https://build.opensuse.org/projects/home:kamarada:15.2/public_key $ gpg --import public_key
For more information on those verifications, read:
Once the ISO image has been downloaded and those verifications have succeeded, you have 3 options:
2) Write the ISO image to a USB flash drive (thus generating a LiveUSB)
Use Ventoy (available for Windows and Linux) to prepare the flash drive and copy the ISO image to it. Plug it to a USB port and reboot your computer to start Linux Kamarada.
This how-to can help you to prepare the LiveUSB:
3) Create a virtual machine and use the ISO image to boot it
This option allows you to test Linux Kamarada without having to reboot your computer and leave the operating system you are familiar with.
For more information, read:
After testing Linux Kamarada, if you want to install it on your computer or virtual machine, start the installer by clicking this icon, located on the dock (on the left side of the screen).
The installer will only partition the disk and copy system files to the computer. At the end, reboot your computer. Then, a YaST wizard will guide you through some basic configuration.
What if I already use Linux Kamarada?
The ISO image is not intended for upgrading, only for testing and installing. If you already use Linux Kamarada 15.1 and want to upgrade your existing installation to 15.2, take a look at:
What if I already use openSUSE Leap?
You already use openSUSE Leap and want to turn it into Linux Kamarada? It’s simple!
Just add the Linux Kamarada repository and install the patterns-kamarada-gnome package.
There are two different methods for doing that: from the graphical interface, using 1-Click Install, or from the terminal, using the zypper package manager — choose whichever method you prefer.
To install Linux Kamarada using 1-Click Install, click the following button:
To install Linux Kamarada using the terminal, first add its repository:
1 # zypper addrepo -f -K -n "Linux Kamarada" -p 95 "https://osdn.mirror.constant.com/storage/g/k/ka/kamarada/\$releasever/openSUSE_Leap_\$releasever/" kamarada
The Linux Kamarada repository is gently hosted by OSDN, which replicates the repository contents on some mirror servers around the world. I picked a mirror at random to write the above command and 1-Click Install. You may want to take a look at the list of Linux Kamarada mirrors and choose a mirror closer to you.
Then, install the patterns-kamarada-gnome package:
1 # zypper in patterns-kamarada-gnome
If you already use the GNOME desktop, probably you will need to download just a few packages. If you use another desktop, the download size will be larger.
When the installation is finished, if you create a new user, you will notice that they will receive the Linux Kamarada default settings (such as theme, wallpaper, etc.). Existing users can continue to use their customizations or adjust the system appearance (for instance, using the Tweaks and Settings apps).
Where can I get help?
The Help page suggests some places where you can get help with Linux Kamarada and openSUSE.
Where can I get the source code?
Like any free software project, Linux Kamarada makes its source code available to anyone who wants to study it, adapt it, or contribute to the project.
Linux Kamarada development takes place at GitHub and Open Build Service. There you can get the source codes of the packages developed specifically for this project (even the source code of this web site you read is available).
Source codes of packages inherited from openSUSE Leap can be retrieved directly from that distribution. If you need help doing this, get in touch, I can help.
About Linux Kamarada
The Linux Kamarada Project aims to spread and promote Linux as a robust, secure, versatile and easy to use operating system, suitable for everyday use be at home, at work or on the server. It started as a blog about openSUSE, which is the Linux distribution I’ve been using for 8 years (since April 2012, when I installed openSUSE 11.4 and then upgraded to 12.1). Now the project offers its own Linux distribution, which brings much of the software presented on the blog pre-installed and ready for use.
The Kamarada Linux distribution is based on openSUSE Leap and is intended for use on desktops at home and at work, in both private companies and government entities. It features the essential software selection for any Linux installation and a nice looking modern desktop.
To allow comparing Linux Kamarada releases, here is a summary of the software contained on Linux Kamarada 15.2 Final 1 Build 52.3:
- Linux kernel 5.3.18
- X.Org display server 1.20.3 (without Wayland)
- GNOME 3.34.4 desktop including its core apps, such as Files (previously Nautilus), Calculator, Terminal, Text editor (gedit), Screenshot and others
- LibreOffice office suite 6.4.4
- Mozilla Firefox ESR 68.9.0 (default web browser)
- Chromium 83 (alternative web browser)
- VLC media player 3.0.10
- Evolution email client
- YaST control center
- CUPS 2.2.7
- Firewalld 0.5.5
- GParted 0.31.0
- HPLIP 3.19.12
- Java (OpenJDK) 11.0.7
- KeePassXC 2.5.4
- KolourPaint 20.04.2
- Linphone 4.1.1
- PDFsam Basic 4.1.4
- Pidgin 2.13.0
- Samba 4.11.5
- Tor 0.4.2
- Transmission 2.94
- Vim 8.0
- Wine 5.0
- games: Aisleriot (Solitaire), Chess, Hearts, Iagno (Reversi), Mahjongg, Mines (Minesweeper), Nibbles (Snake), Quadrapassel (Tetris), Sudoku
That list is not exhaustive, but it gives a notion of what can be found in the distribution.
Note: if you compare this list with that for version 15.2 RC, you will notice that Mozilla Firefox and other programs have been downgraded. It was intentional. That happened because I disabled the update repo for creating the Linux Kamarada 15.2 Final image. The purpose of doing this was to prevent the image from having openSUSE Leap boo#1173991 and boo#1176304 bugs introduced by updates. When these bugs are fixed, I’m going to upload another updated image. But you don’t need to worry about that: you can install Linux Kamarada and get updates for the system as usual.